China’s Foreign Aid – Human Resources Development and Cooperation
(China-Aid Alumni Association of Malaysia)
Under the framework of China’s foreign aid, human resources development and cooperation is conducted by hosting research and training programs for government officials, education programs, technical training programs and other personnel exchange programs for developing countries on a bilateral or multilateral basis. As one important aspect of China’s aid to foreign countries, human resource development and cooperation plays an increasingly important role in promoting people-to-people exchange and friendship between China and recipient countries. It also serves as an important platform for China to share its experience of development with developing countries.
China started human resources development and cooperation programs in 1953. In 1981, China began to work with the United Nations Development Program in hosting training courses in China on practical techniques in different fields for developing countries. In 1998, the Chinese government began to hold seminars for officials from other countries and afterwards, the training programs expanded rapidly either in scale or in scope. By the end of 2014, China had held 5822 training programs for developing countries, with 136,509 participants including interns, managerial and technical personnel and officials. The programs involve more than 20 fields such as economy, diplomacy, agriculture, medical and health care and environment protection.
In recent years, the Chinese government sponsors around 10,000 people from other countries to attend training programs every year. Moreover, China has also trained a large number of personnel by technical cooperation with other countries. The programs have obtained wide recognition and great support from both Chinese and foreign governments. The participants have become bridges of friendship and cooperation between China and other developing countries.
Human resources development and cooperation programs cover a wide range of activities including lectures, discussions, field trips, and practice. Organizers invite Chinese high-rank officials and senior scholars to introduce policies and practices involved in China’s social and economic development and lecture on professional knowledge pertaining to the themes of seminars/training courses. Organizers also arrange site visits for participants to local provinces, institutions and enterprises to understand more about China, whether in culture or in history.